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Leopard Tortoise Care Sheets
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Care Sheet for Tortoises

Average Rating Given To This Care Sheet Is 0    (1=lowest, 5=highest)    Last Updated: 02/15/2008

Main Category:

Aquatic/Land

Sub Category:

Tortoises

 Care Sheet Submitted By:

Dr. Dolittle

Years Experience:

Under 1 Year

Species:

Leopard Tortoise

Other Species or Phases this Care Sheet May Cover:

N/A

Sexing and Characteristics:

Can reach sexual maturity at the age of six years in captivity and 200mm(7.8")in length.
Males:Males have a longer and thicker tail than females. The male plastron may be slightly concave and display a "V" shaped notch for the tail opening.
Females:Females have a smaller tail and display a "U" shaped notch for the tail opening.

Mostly Active During:

Day

Substrate and Water Needs:

For substrate I use a 70%soil and 30% playsand mix.I find this very good and there is now risk of anything getting stuck in his eyes.You can also use things like aspen and Hempcore.
Avoid things like wood chips,newspaper ,Alfalfa pellets and Calci sand.

Lighting and UVB:

For UVB lighting I use a strip light which gives out 8% uvb.
UVB bulbs need to be replaced every six months although they may look like they are working to the naked eye they’re uvb output drops dangerously low.When first buying a new uvb bulb let it "burn out" this means leave it on for 10-12 hours as it produces tremendous amounts of uvb which may damage your tortoises eyes in the first few hours.
As a basking light you can use an ordinary 60watt bulb.

Temperatures and Humidity:

The temperature in their basking spot should be around 85-90 degrees Fahrenheit and 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit every were else in the enclosure.Night time temperatures should drop to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Leopard tortoises are very sensitive to humidity, humidity above 70% can cause upper respiratory problems.

Heating and Equipment:

Never use heat rocks/heat mats as these can burn your tortoise and heat from the ground is unnatural.
All you need is a 60 watt basking light.

Caging Provided:

For housing you can use a tortoise table or an indoor rabbit cage.
NEVER house your tortoise in a vivarium as these provide poor air circulation.
You will need an outdoor enclosure for the summertime so your tortoise can get uvb naturally.

Diet:

Herbivorous

Description of Diet:

Leopard tortoises need a high fiber diet of 70% grass/hay and 30%greens and weeds.You can give things like tomato and cucumber as a treat only.
Leopards are very hard tortoises to keep smooth but it is possible.

Supplements, Nutrition and Usage:

Leopard tortoises also need calcium supplements I use reptivite but you can also use nutrobal.
I also have a cuttlefish bone in my table this provides calcium and also helps to keep my tortoises beak trimmed.

Maintenance:

There is very little maintenance with this species but the poop will need to be taken out of the enclosure daily.
The whole table/indoor rabbit cage should be thoroughly cleaned out once a month.

Some Words on this Species:

Leopard tortoises are non-hibernating species. They may slow down in the wintertime but do not need to be hibernated.
I would highly recommend this species to anyone who is willing to spend time into researching them.
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DISCLAIMER:
The information contain in these care sheets represents only the opinions and husbandry care of members and therefore is not guaranteed to be 100% accurate or reflects the advice or opinions of RepticZone.com. It is always advised to seek additional information or the advice of a qualified veterinarian or qualified reptile dealer. It is also advisable for you to a good amount of research before implementing any of the ideas and care described in these care sheets. We also recommend you ask many questions in their related forums before acting on any information.

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